Global Agreement and COP Meeting: What You Need to Know
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty signed by 195 countries to tackle global climate change. One of the key features of the UNFCCC is the Conference of the Parties (COP) meeting. This annual meeting brings together representatives from all signatory countries to discuss progress, challenges, and future strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change.
The COP meeting is a crucial platform for advancing global agreement on climate action. This year’s COP26, which was scheduled to be held in Glasgow, Scotland, was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is now set to take place from November 1-12, 2021, and is expected to be the largest international climate conference ever held.
Ahead of the COP26 meeting, countries are being urged to submit new and more ambitious emissions reduction targets, or Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These targets are essential to the success of the Paris Agreement, which was signed in 2015 and aims to limit global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
While the Paris Agreement was a historic step towards global agreement on climate action, there is still much work to be done. The 2018 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report identified the urgency and scale of action required to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve this, global emissions must be reduced by 45% by 2030, and reach net-zero by 2050.
The COP meeting is not just a forum for policymakers and diplomats – it also involves civil society, businesses, and international organizations. This includes youth activists, indigenous people, and women’s groups, who have been at the forefront of climate action and have played a crucial role in influencing policy decisions.
With the COVID-19 pandemic still raging across the world, the COP meeting will likely be different this year. Many events will be held online, and there will be strict health and safety protocols in place for those attending in person. However, the urgency of the climate crisis means that the show must go on. The decisions made at COP26 will have far-reaching consequences for the future of the planet and the well-being of our communities.
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